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Pinus lambertiana Douglas

Sugar pine

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionConiferophytaConifers—cone-bearing trees (and a few shrubs)
ClassPinopsidaGymnosperms such as cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews
OrderPinalesCone-bearing plants: cedar, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood, spruce, yew, and others
FamilyPinaceaePine family: cedars, firs, hemlocks, larches, pines and spruces
GenusPinusLatin for “pine”
SpecieslambertianaNamed for English botanist and conifer expert Aylmer Bourke Lambert (1761-1842)

About plant names...

Sugar pines are natives of western North America. They live up to 800 years. The name ”sugar pine” derives from the sweet smell of freshly cut wood; the sap can be extracted to make a sweet that is said to compete with maple sugar.

Identification: Trees reach 98-164' (30-50 m) tall, with a maximum of 246' (75 m). The trunk is 35-71" (90-180 cm) in diameter, up to a maximum of 11' (3.3 m). The crown is a tall, narrow cone, becoming more rounded with age. Bark is red- to gray-brown. Needles occur in groups of five, each 1¾-4" (5-10 cm) × ¹/₃₂" (1.5 mm). They are straight, pliable, and blue-green in color. The immature cones are up to 12" (30 cm) long × 1¼" (3.2 cm) around, tightly packed and almost smooth, purplish. Mature cones expand to up to 14" (35 cm) in length—longer than those of any other conifer.

For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.

Online References:

Pinus lambertiana on The Gymnosperm Database

Pinus lambertiana on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Pinus lambertiana on Wikipedia

Pinus lambertiana at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site

Pinus lambertiana on CalPhotos

Pinus lambertiana on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Pinus lambertiana at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Pinus lambertiana on eFloras


Sibley, David Allen, The Sibley Guide to Trees, Alfred A. Knopf, 2009, p. 7


Pinus lambertiana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Pinus lambertiana (sugar pine)

5/3/2007 · Death Valley Area · By Rhonda Tatiana Schorer ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 5-10:

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