Pinus jeffreyi Balf.
Pinus ponderosa Lawson & C. Lawson ssp. jeffreyi (Balf.) Engelm.
Pinus ponderosa C. Lawson ssp. jeffreyi (Balf.) Engelm.
The Jeffrey pine is a North American native, found in California, Oregon, and Baja California.
Identification: Trees reach 79-128' (24-39 m) in height, and 24-47" (60-120 cm) in diameter, rarely up to 50% larger. Bark is yellow brown to cinnamon-colored, with large scaly plates and deep furrows. The resin has a scent variously described as similar to vanilla, lemon, pineapple, violets, apple, or butterscotch, which distinguishes it from the similar Ponderosa pine's neutral or turpentine-like scent. Needles are in groups of three, bluish-grayish-green in color. They are 4½-9" (12-23 cm) long. Cones are 4½-9" (12-24 cm) in length, dark purple at first, becoming pale brown, with thin woody scales and sharp inward-pointing barbs.
For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.
Pinus jeffreyi on The Gymnosperm Database
Pinus jeffreyi on CalPhotos
Pinus jeffreyi on Wikipedia
Pinus jeffreyi on the USDA Plants Database
Pinus jeffreyi at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Pinus jeffreyi on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database
Pinus jeffreyi at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site
Pinus jeffreyi description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.