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Pinus jeffreyi Balf.

Jeffrey pine

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionConiferophytaConifers—cone-bearing trees (and a few shrubs)
ClassPinopsidaGymnosperms such as cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews
OrderPinalesCone-bearing plants: cedar, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood, spruce, yew, and others
FamilyPinaceaePine family: cedars, firs, hemlocks, larches, pines and spruces
GenusPinusLatin for “pine”
SpeciesjeffreyiNamed for botanist John Jeffrey

About plant names...

The Jeffrey pine is a North American native, found in California, Oregon, and Baja California.

Identification: Trees reach 79-128′ (24-39 m) in height, and 2-4′ (60-120 cm) in diameter, rarely up to 50% larger. Bark is yellow brown to cinnamon-colored, with large scaly plates and deep furrows. The resin has a scent variously described as similar to vanilla, lemon, pineapple, violets, apple, or butterscotch, which distinguishes it from the similar Ponderosa pine's neutral or turpentine-like scent. Needles are in groups of three, bluish-grayish-green in color. They are 4½-9″ (12-23 cm) long. Cones are 4½-9″ (12-24 cm) in length, dark purple at first, becoming pale brown, with thin woody scales and sharp inward-pointing barbs.

For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.

Online References:

The Gymnosperm Database



The USDA Plants Database

The Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

The USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

The USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site

Pinus ponderosa Lawson & C. Lawson ssp. jeffreyi (Balf.) Engelm.


Pinus jeffreyi description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Pinus jeffreyi (Jeffrey pine)

9/29/2003 · Sequoia National Park, Three Rivers, Cali­fornia · By Constance B. Kent ID is uncertain


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