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Polygonatum humile Fisch. ex Maxim.

Dwarf Solomon’s seal

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderAsparagalesA diverse group that includes asparagus
FamilyAsparagaceaeAgaves, asparagus, hyacinths, and others
GenusPolygonatumGreek for “with many knees,” referring to the swollen joints of stems

About plant names...

Dwarf Solomon's seal is native to eastern Europe and western Asia. In North America, it is found only in gardens.

Identification: Plants are less than 1′ (30 cm) in height, comfortable in the full or partial shade under trees. White, bell-shaped flowers occur along the stem. Elliptical green leaves are about 1-3″ (2.5-7.6 cm) long. Berries are shiny, black, about ⅛″ (3.2 mm).


Polygonatum humile (dwarf Solomon’s seal)

4/28/2010 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, Mass­a­chu­setts

Polygonatum humile (dwarf Solomon’s seal)

5/29/2007 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, Mass­a­chu­setts

Some similar species:
Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum ‘Variegatum’
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Polygonatum humile
Common Name

variegated Solomon’s Seal

dwarf Solomon’s seal
Plant Reaches 8-20″ (20-50 cm). Up to 1′ (30 cm) in height.


White or greenish-white, like long bells, about ½″ (1.3 cm) long, hanging downward, often in pairs. Whiter than P. biflorum..

Polygonatum humile (dwarf Solomon’s seal) 

White, bell-shaped, about ¼″ (8.3 mm) long, hanging singly from stem.


Oval, green fringed with white, 3-9″ (7.6-22 cm) long.
Elliptical, green, 1-3″ (2.5-7.6 cm) long.
Fruit Dark blue to black, less than ¼″ (6.3 mm) around. Shiny black, about ⅛″ (3.2 mm) around.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 4-8

USDA Zones: 5-8
Habitats Wooded areas, dappled shade, deep shade Full to partial shade in temperate climates
Type Cultivar Wild


Online References:

The Fine Gardening Plant Guide


in Paghat's Garden

Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants


Polygonatum humillimum Nakai

Polygonatum humile var. humillimum (Nakai) Y.N.Lee

Polygonatum officinale var. humile (Fisch. ex Maxim.) Baker

Polygonatum humile var. krylovii Ameljcz. & Malachova


Polygonatum humile description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Polygonatum humile (dwarf Solomon’s seal)

5/23/2008 · Tom and Susan’s, Pepperell, Mass­a­chu­setts

Range: Zones 5-8:

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