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Viburnum rafinesqueanum

Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult.

Viburnum affine Bush

Viburnum affine Bush var. hypomalacum S.F. Blake

Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult. var. affine (Bush) House

Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult. var. rafinesqueanum

Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderDipsacalesIncludes viburnum, honeysuckle, snowberry, beautybush, twinflower, many others
FamilyAdoxaceaeElders and viburnums
GenusViburnumLatin for “a kind of shrub”
SpeciesrafinesqueanumFor Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (1783-1840), a 19th century botanist and friend of James J. Audubon

About plant names...

This species is often misspelled as Viburnum rafinesquianum. It is a North American native.

Identification: This shrub is up to 6' (1.8 m) around. Leaves are oval, wider and rounded at the bottom and pointed at the top, toothed, in opposite pairs. The leaves have fuzzy undersides, and are attached by very short stems (“petioles”). In the fall, they are rose to maroon in color. Cream-colored flowerheads are 3-4" (7.6-10 cm) across, composed of many small sterile 5-petaled flowers about ¼" (6.3 mm) across. Fruits are clusters of pointed ovals, ⅜" (1 cm) × ⅛" (5 mm), ripening as black and shiny.

See this comparison table showing Viburnums that are presently in our database, or this nicely done Viburnum species guide.

Online References:

Viburnum rafinesqueanum at Ontario Trees & Shrubs

Viburnum rafinesqueanum on www.carolinanature.com

Viburnum rafinesqueanum on plants.ces.ncsu.edu

Viburnum rafinesqueanum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Viburnum rafinesqueanum at Illinois Wildflowers

Viburnum rafinesqueanum at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

Viburnum rafinesqueanum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 Dec 2018.

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Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

9/6/2018

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, MA
≈ 11 × 7" (27 × 18 cm) ID is uncertain

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, MA
≈ 5 × 3½" (13 × 9.2 cm) ID is uncertain

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 5 × 3½" (13 × 9.2 cm)

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (19 × 13 cm) ID is uncertain

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (Downy Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood)

6/26/2012 · Nashua River Rail Trail, Dunstable, MA
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm) ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 3-8:

About this map...