Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult.
Viburnum affine Bush
Viburnum affine Bush var. hypomalacum S.F. Blake
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult. var. affine (Bush) House
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult. var. rafinesqueanum
Downy arrowwood, northern arrowwood
This species is often misspelled as Viburnum rafinesquianum. It is a North American native.
Identification: This shrub is up to 6' (1.8 m) around. Leaves are oval, wider and rounded at the bottom and pointed at the top, toothed, in opposite pairs. The leaves have fuzzy undersides, and are attached by very short stems (“petioles”). In the fall, they are rose to maroon in color. Cream-colored flowerheads are 3-4" (7.6-10 cm) across, composed of many small sterile 5-petaled flowers about ¼" (6.3 mm) across. Fruits are clusters of pointed ovals, ⅜" (1 cm) × ⅛" (5 mm), ripening as black and shiny.
See this comparison table showing Viburnums that are presently in our database, or this nicely done Viburnum species guide.
Viburnum rafinesqueanum on the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program (PDF)
Viburnum rafinesqueanum at Ontario Trees & Shrubs
Viburnum rafinesqueanum on www.carolinanature.com
Viburnum rafinesqueanum on plants.ces.ncsu.edu
Viburnum rafinesqueanum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Viburnum rafinesqueanum at Illinois Wildflowers
Viburnum rafinesqueanum at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Viburnum rafinesqueanum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
Range: Zones 3-8: