Tragopogon lamottei Rouy
Tragopogon orientalis L.
Tragopogon pratensis L.
Tragopogon pratensis L. ssp. orientalis (L.) Celak.
Meadow salsify, jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, showy goat’s-beard, meadow goat’s-beard
Meadow salsify was introduced by early Europeans because its roots are edible. It has become common to invasive in many parts of temperate North America. Why is it called Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon? Ask the Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon fairy.
Plants: Plants are 12-39" (30-100 cm) in height. Broken stems and leaves exude a milky latex. This plant has a two-year lifespan (biennial). In the first year, it forms a basal rosette of leaves. In the second year it produces flowers.
Flowers: Yellow, about 1¾" (5 cm) around. Blooms open in the morning and close in the afternoon. Buds have purple stripes. Flowers appear late spring to mid-summer.
Fruits: Produces a pappas—a round seedhead of achenes, each on its own tiny “pararchute,” similar to dandelions.
Edibility: Young roots are edible raw. Older roots should be cooked like parsnips. Young shoots and leaves can be used raw or cooked in soups or salads. The flowering stem and buds, cooked like asparagus, are also edible.
Tragopogon lamottei at Illinois Wildflowers
Tragopogon lamottei on Wildflowers, Ferns & Trees of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah
Tragopogon lamottei on gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org
Tragopogon lamottei on www.invasiveplantatlas.org
Tragopogon lamottei on wildflowerfinder.org.uk
Tragopogon lamottei on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Tragopogon lamottei description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
Range: Zones 3-7: