Marsh skullcap is native to Europe, Asia, and much of North America.
The species name, galericulata, means “hooded”—a reference to the hooded shape of
Identification: These perennials are 8-18" (20-45 cm)
in height, rarely reaching 31" (80 cm). They favor wet, marshy areas. Leaves are in opposite pairs, with each leaf ⅜-1¾" (1-5 cm) × ⅛-¾" (3-20 mm). Leaves have small, widely spaced teeth. Flowers are blue to purplish,
tubular, ⅜-¾" (1-2 cm)
long and ⅛-¼" (5-7 mm) around, with a distinctive shape. Flowers appear from June to
September. Fruits are small brown warty nutlets.
Medical: This plant is rarely used as a substitute for
Scutellaria lateriflora, as an anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, or sleep aid. Many
sources, including us, don’t recommend this practice though, because the safety of this
species is unconfirmed; because there are over 300 related species, some dangerous; and
because negative symptoms have been reported for this one.