Sanicula canadensis L.
Canadian black snakeroot
Canadian black snakeroot is a native North American plant.
Identification: Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) high. Stems are light green, sometimes furrowed. Leaves often occur in groups of three, and are less than 3" (7.6 cm) long. Flowers are in small clusters, greenish-white, not especially interesting. Seed pods, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, have hooked, Velcro-like bristles.
Don’t confuse black snakeroot with the unrelated plant, Canadian black snakeroot. Both of these plants are found in eastern Canada and the eastern United States.
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|Plant||Plants reach 10-24" (25-60 cm).||Plants are 12-24" (30-60 cm) high. Stems are light green, sometimes furrowed.|
|Flowers||White flowers form on tall stalks up to 8' (2.5 m) in height, with the flowering portions up to 20" (50 cm) tall.||Small clusters, greenish-white, not especially interesting.|
|Leaves||Leaves often occur in groups of three, on thin stems, and are saw-toothed.||In groups of three, and are less than 3" (7.6 cm) long.|
|Fruit||Black or dark brown seeds.||Seed pods are about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, and resemble burrs, with small hooks.|
|Habitats||Rich soils in moist woods, ravines||Rich woods, open rocky woods, thickets|
Sanicula canadensis on
Sanicula canadensis at Illinois Wildflowers
Sanicula canadensis on Discover Life
Sanicula canadensis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Sanicula canadensis on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Sanicula canadensis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Sep 2020.