Pinus edulis Engelm.
Pinus cembroides Zucc. var. edulis (Engelm.) Voss
Pinyon pine, two-needle pinyon, piñon, twoneedle piñon
Pinyon (piñon) pines are natives of the western United States. Pinyon and Juniper forests have spread throughout many regions in the American southwest.
Identification: Trees are typically about 10-20' (3-6.1 m) tall. The crown is dense, conical or rounded. Typically there are two blue-green needles per group, but sometimes 1 or 3. Needles are upwardly curved, about 1¼" (3.2 cm) long. Needles have 2 or 3 sides, depending on the number of needles in the group. Cones are oval to round, yellowish to red-brown, up to 1¼" (3.2 cm) around. Pinyon pines favor dry mountain slopes and plateaus, at elevations of 4921-6890' (1.5-2.1 km), rarely up to 1.7 mi (2.7 km).
For further information, see the Pinus comparison tables.
Pinus edulis on The Gymnosperm Database
Pinus edulis on Wikipedia
Pinus edulis on CalPhotos
Pinus edulis on Wikimedia Commons
Pinus edulis on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database
Pinus edulis at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Pinus edulis at the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service
Pinus edulis on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants
Pinus edulis on Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness
Pinus edulis from the Jepson Manual
Pinus edulis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
Range: Zones 3-8: