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Papaver radicatum

Papaver radicatum Rottb.

 

Arctic Poppy

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderPapaveralesA group that includes buttercups and other poisonous plants
FamilyPapaveraceaePoppy family
GenusPapaverThe classical Latin name for the poppy
Speciesradicatum

About plant names...

This frail looking but hardy poppy favors arctic and alpine zones in Europe, North America, and Asia. They are fairly common in their range, growing in meadows as well as well-drained gravelly soils. The arctic poppy’s northern range limit, a latitude of 83°40’N on Kaffeklubben Island, exceeds that of nearly all plants worldwide.

Plants: Plants are loosely to densely tufted, with tufts up to 6" (15 cm) around.

Leaves: Up to 4½" (12 cm) long, with stems (petioles) about two thirds the length of each leaf. Leaves are green on both top and bottom, and lanceolate, and split into 2-3 pairs of smaller lobes.

Flowers: Pale yellow to white flowers up to 2½" (6.5 cm) in diameter appear atop hairy stems 4-6" (10-15 cm) long. Rarely the flowers are pink-tinged, or even brick red. Each flower contains 4-7 yellow stigmas, surrounded by a spray of yellow anthers. The parabolic shape of the flower petals focuses heat toward the center of each flower, a benefit to their pollinators, which include the Arctic bumblebee.

Fruits: Seed pods vary from spherical to elongated oval in shape. They are covered with fine hairs (trichomes).

Online References:

Papaver radicatum on botanyphoto.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca

Papaver radicatum on howlingpixel.com

Papaver radicatum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Papaver radicatum on eFloras

Papaver radicatum on the USDA Plants Database

Papaver radicatum description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 30 Jun 2019.

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Papaver radicatum (Arctic Poppy)

6/24/2019 · Westfjords Region, Iceland · By John W. Kent

Papaver radicatum (Arctic Poppy)

6/24/2019 · Westfjords Region, Iceland · By John W. Kent

Range:

About this map...