Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. var. cuija Griffiths & Hare
Opuntia lindheimeri Engelm. var. cuija (Griffiths & Hare) L.D. Benson
Tuna, cactus apple
|Kingdom||Plantae||Plants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta||Vascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients|
|Division||Magnoliophyta||Flowering plants, also known as angiosperms|
|Class||Magnoliopsida||Dicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves|
|Subclass||Caryophyllidae||Cacti, many other succulents, carnivorous plants, and leadworts|
|Order||Caryophyllales||Includes cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and many carnivorous plants|
|Family||Cactaceae||Succulent (water-storing) plants, often spiny|
|Species||engelmannii||After Georg(e) Engelmann (1809-1884), a German-born St. Louis physician and botanist, and prolific author on cacti, North American conifers and oaks|
About plant names...
This variety of Engelmann’s prickly pear, sometimes called tuna cactus, is native to North American deserts, at elevations between 1000-4500' (304-1371 m).
Identification: 4-6' (1.2-1.8 m) high, in clumps up to 15' (4.6 m) wide. Thick
pads are oval or rounded. Flowers are yellow to red. Fruit is barrel-shaped, with very short spines
or no spines. I couldn’t find significant differences between this variety and Engelmann Prickly Pear. See this Opuntia comparison table.
From Britton, Nathaniel Lord, Rose, J. N., The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family, Press of Gibson Brothers, 1919, p. Vol I, p 114.
Opuntia engelmannii var. cuija on cals.arizona.edu
Britton, Nathaniel Lord, Rose, J. N., The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family, Press of Gibson Brothers, 1919, Vol. I, p. 113
Opuntia engelmannii var. cuija description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.
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5/25/2009 · Boyce Thompson Arboretum, Superior, AZ
≈ 36 × 53" (90 × 135 cm)
About this map...