Monstera adansonii Schott
Swiss cheese plant
|Kingdom||Plantae||Plants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta||Vascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients|
|Division||Magnoliophyta||Flowering plants, also known as angiosperms|
|Class||Liliopsida||Monocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family|
|Subclass||Alismatidae||Aquatic and marshy plants|
|Order||Alismatales||Herbaceous flowering plants found in marshy habitats|
|Family||Araceae||Arum family, with plants whose flower is enclosed in a spathe|
About plant names...
I encountered a great deal of uncertainty as to the name of this species, which is
variable enough in appearance to confuse even the experts. It is a native of the
Amazon regions of Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil. It is also found in Antigua, Saba, St. Kitts, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, and Trinidad & Tobago. It was listed in a botanical garden as
Philodendron monstera oblique ‘Swiss Cheese,’ but this cannot be correct.
The genus Monstera refers to the very large size adult leaves can reach. The one thing pretty much everyone
agrees on is the common name “swiss cheese plant,” because its large leaves often have holes.
Identification: This vine is an epiphyte, sometimes found
growing on trees. It may reach 13' (4 m) in length. Leaves in mature plants are 20-30" (50-75 cm),
and usually have many oval-shaped holes.
Flowers are waxy and white, composed of a white spathe up to 7" (18 cm) in size, and a light
Monstera adansonii at the Exotic Rainforest
Monstera adansonii on Tropicos®
Monstera adansonii at Plants of Saint Lucia
4/6/2011 · Howard Peters Rawlings Conservatory & Botanic Gardens, Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, Maryland
≈ 24 × 16" (62 × 41 cm)
By W. Fitch, Curtis’s Botanical Magazine v.84 [ser.3:v.14] (1858)