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Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose

False aloe, rattlesnake master, American aloe, hauco, amole

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassLiliopsidaMonocots (plants with a single seed leaf); includes the lily family
SubclassLiliidaeIncludes lilies, orchids, and many others
OrderAsparagalesA diverse group that includes asparagus
FamilyAsparagaceaeAgaves, asparagus, hyacinths, and others
GenusManfredaFor Manfredus de Monte Imperiale, fourteenth-century Italian medical writer and botanist
SpeciesvirginicaFrom or referring to Virginia

About plant names...

False aloe, actually a member of the agave family, is a North American native.

Identification: Plants are a small rosette of leaves up to 1½′ (45 cm) tall. Leaves are 5-16″ (12-40 cm) long and 2½-3″ (6.3-7.6 cm) wide, and curved along their length, with wavy edges. They are soft and thin, but they occupy a place between the thin leaves of herbaceous plants and the thick, water-storing leaves of many succulent plants. Leaves may have varying degrees of brown-purple mottling. Fragrant green or yellow-green flowers appear atop a spike up to 6′ (1.8 m) tall.


Irish, Mary & Irish, Gary, Agaves, Yuccas and Related Plants: A Gardener’s Guide, Timber Press, 2000, p. 218

Online References:





Agave lata Shinners

Agave tigrina (Engelm.) Cory

Agave virginica L.

Allibertia intermedia Marion

Manfreda tigrina (Engelm.) Small

Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose var. tigrina (Engelm.) Rose

Polianthes lata (Shinners) Shinners

Polianthes virginica (L.) Shinners


Manfreda virginica description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Manfreda virginica (false aloe, rattlesnake master, American aloe, hauco, amole)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, Mass­a­chu­setts · ≈ 2 × 1′ (62 × 41 cm)

Range: Zones 6-9:

About this map...