Linnaea borealis L.
Twinflower is found throughout the northern hemisphere. In fact, the scientific name borealis means northern. It prefers cool, dark forests, alpine zones, woodlands, and boggy or rocky shorelines.
Plants: Plants are evergreen, essentially a micro-shrub. They keep a very low profile, less than 4" (10 cm), up to about 6" (15 cm) when in flower, so they are easy to miss. They are evergreen. Fine hairy red-brown stems creep along the ground, rooting to start new plants.
Leaves: Opposite, shiny, oval, and unlobed. Larger leaves have a few small indentations along the edge. Leaves are ¼-⅝" (8.4-16 mm) × ¼-⅝" (6.3-16 mm).
Flowers: Delicate pink funnel-shaped flowers top small, hairy stems, from which they hang like bells. Flowers occur in pairs, hence the name “twinflower.” Each flower is up to ½" (1.3 cm) long, with five lobes and a hairy throat. They have a mild fragrance. Flowers appear from June to September.
Fruits: Small, dry, 3-celled pod with one seed.
Linnaea borealis at the U.S. Forest Service Celebrating Wildflowers site
Linnaea borealis at Minnesota Wildflowers
Linnaea borealis on gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org
Linnaea borealis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Linnaea borealis on Wikimedia Commons (Photos)
Linnaea borealis on depts.washington.edu
Linnaea borealis on botanyphoto.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca
Linnaea borealis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 17 Aug 2019.