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Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis L.

 

Twinflower

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderDipsacalesIncludes viburnum, honeysuckle, snowberry, beautybush, twinflower, many others
FamilyLinnaeaceae30 species of shrubs and herbs native to the temperate regions of Southeast Asia and North America
GenusLinnaeaNamed for Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), founder of the modern system of binomial nomenclature
SpeciesborealisNorthern

About plant names...

Twinflower is found throughout the northern hemisphere. In fact, the scientific name borealis means northern. It pre­fers cool, dark forests, alpine zones, woodlands, and boggy or rocky shorelines.

Plants: Plants are evergreen, essentially a micro-shrub. They keep a very low profile, less than 4" (10 cm), up to about 6" (15 cm) when in flower, so they are easy to miss. They are evergreen. Fine hairy red-brown stems creep along the ground, rooting to start new plants.

Leaves: Opposite, shiny, oval, and unlobed. Larger leaves have a few small indentations along the edge. Leaves are ¼-⅝" (8.4-16 mm) × ¼-⅝" (6.3-16 mm).

Flowers: Delicate pink funnel-shaped flowers top small, hairy stems, from which they hang like bells. Flowers occur in pairs, hence the name “twinflower.” Each flower is up to ½" (1.3 cm) long, with five lobes and a hairy throat. They have a mild fragrance. Flowers appear from June to Sep­tember.

Fruits: Small, dry, 3-celled pod with one seed.

Online References:

Linnaea borealis at the U.S. Forest Service Celebrating Wildflowers site

Linnaea borealis at Minnesota Wildflowers

Linnaea borealis on gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org

Linnaea borealis at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Linnaea borealis on Wikimedia Commons (Photos)

Linnaea borealis on depts.washington.edu

Linnaea borealis on botanyphoto.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 6 × 4½" (15 × 11 cm)

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 4½ × 3" (11 × 7.9 cm)

Linnaea borealis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 17 Aug 2019.

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Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

9/18/2016 · Barred Island Preserve, Deer Isle, ME

Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

6/9/2016 · Monhegan Island, ME

Range:

About this map...