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Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’


Yellow Shrimp Plant

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyAcanthaceaeAcanthus family, of tropical herbs and shrubs
GenusJusticiaNamed for James Justice, a Scottish horticulturist
SpeciesbrandegeanaFor western American botanist Townsend Stith Brandegee

About plant names...

Shrimp plant is native to Mexico. It has become naturalized on the Florida penninsula. Many cultivars are available.

Yellow shimp plants are easily confused with golden shrimp plants—even at close range, they look nearly the same. But the yellow shrimp plants are really cultivars of the red shrimp plant, while the closely related golden shrimp plant, Pachystachys lutea, is a different genus. If you are growing these plants, the difference matters, because the latter (golden) is not as cold hardy or drought tolerant.

Identification: Shrimp plants are 3-5' (1-1.5 m) tall and up to 3' (1 m) wide. Leaves are oval, 1-3" (3-7.5 cm) long. Stems and leaves are downy. Branches are topped by yellow “flowers” that are really bracts—modified leaves. These have a shape and texture suggestive of shrimp, hence the common name. They are about 6" (15 cm) long and bright yellow. (Cultivars appear in other colors as well.) The bracts grow in segments like sections of shrimp shells, sometimes reaching as much as a foot in length. The real flowers are white, tubular, with throats containing deep red speckles. They are about ¾" (1.9 cm), and fairly inconspicuous compared to the yellow bracts.

Online References:

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ on Wikipedia

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ on floridata.com

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ at the Missouri Botanical Garden

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ on Desert-tropicals.com

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ on www.thespruce.com

Justicia brandegeana ‘Yellow’ description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Justicia brandegeana (Yellow Shrimp Plant)

5/17/1987 · Disney World, Orlando, FL

Range: Zones 8a-11:

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