The scarlet hood is a native of North America.
Identification: In North America, this mushroom occurs by itself or in small groups, under redwoods, other conifers, or in mixed forests. The cap, typically less than 1½" (4 cm) across, is brilliant red, and waxy in appearance. The gills are reddish in color as well, though they may be much paler. Stalks are less than 4" (10 cm) in height, and up to ¼" (8 mm) in diameter, and red to red-orange. Creates a white spore print.
Edibility: Unknown, but easily confused with Hygrocybe punicea, which is poisonous at least to some people.
Hygrocybe coccinea description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.