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Fragaria ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier ssp. ananassa


KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRosalesRose family and eight others
FamilyRosaceaeIncludes apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, almonds, roses, meadowsweets, photinias, firethorns, rowans, and hawthorns; many others
GenusFragariaFrom the Latin fraga, “strawberry,” which derives from fragum, “fragrant,” from the fragrance of the fruit

About plant names...

The strawberries we eat are hybrids of Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis. According to the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, these hybrids are found in the wild.

Identification: Cultivation has created strawberry plants that produce larger, more bountiful fruits—up to 1½" (3.8 cm) in size. Plants are 4-8" (10-20 cm) high. Most varieties have white flowers, though some are pink; flowers have five rounded petals. Leaves occur in groups of three. They are fairly rounded in shape, edged with rounded teeth.

Here are several strawberries and strawberry relatives for comparison:


Fragaria ×ananassa (strawberry)

6/14/2008 · Dad’s Garden, Falmouth, Maine
≈ 5 × 4' (1.5 × 1.2 m) ID is uncertain

Duchesnea indica

Fragaria ‘Red Ruby’

Fragaria vesca
Common Name

mock strawberry

ornamental strawberry

alpine strawberry
Plant Plants are 2-5" (5-12 cm) high. About 5" (12 cm) high and 12-24" (30-60 cm) around. Plants are low-growing, typically 3-6" (7.6-15 cm) tall.
Flowers Flowers are yellow, with five petals, about ½-¾" (1.3-1.9 cm) in diameter. They flower from April to August. Deep pink, about ¼-¾" (8.3-19 mm) in diameter, with five petals. Flowers are white, about ½" (1.5 cm) across.
Leaves Leaves are in groups of three, dark green, heavily veined beneath, with rounded teeth. They are oval to elliptic, ¾-3" (1.9-7.6 cm) × ¼-1½" (8.5-38 mm), and hairy. Dark green, in groups of three, glossy. Leaves occur in groups of three; each leaflet is ½-2½" (1.5-6.3 cm) long.
Fruit Red berries are ¼-½" (6.3-12 mm) in diameter, more spherical than strawberry-like in shape. The seedlike achenes on the berry are prominently raised, making the fruit resemble a tiny land mine. Occasionally produces fruit. Up to ⅜" (1 cm) across. Red or white in color.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 5-8

Habitats   Sun to light shade; well-drained soil  
Type Wild Cultivar Wild


Fragaria virginiana
You are here
Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa

Waldsteinia fragarioides
Common Name

common strawberry


barren strawberry
Plant 2-4" (5-10 cm) high. 4-8" (10-20 cm) high. 3-8" (7.6-20 cm) high
Flowers White flowers with yellow centers, about ½" (1.3 cm) around. Flowers remain at the level of the leaves. Most have white flowers, though some are pink; flowers have five rounded petals. Yellow, on a leafless stalk, with five petals, ¼-¾" (8.4-19 mm) around, blooms April-May.
Leaves Leaf stalks up to 6" (15 cm) long bear groups of three leaves. Each leaf is oval in shape, with a serrated edge, about ¾-1½" (1.9-3.8 cm) long. Leaves occur in groups of three. They are fairly rounded in shape, edged with rounded teeth. Near the base of the plant, three-lobed, with rounded teeth and shallow lobes. Each leaflet is narrow at the base, widening to rounded ends.
Fruit Berries are red, about ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter. Seeds are embedded in the berry. Sepals point outward. Fruits become white, then red, up to 1½" (3.8 cm) in size. Dry, inconspicuous seeds.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 5-9

Habitats Fields, prairies, woodland edges   Pine forests, clearings
Type Wild Wild Wild


Fragaria ×ananassa (strawberry)

Strawberry (Fragaria) seedling with roots. By Mark Hofstetter.

Edibility: Delicious. Duh. (But the first commercially cultivated species, the alpine strawberry, is tastier. Unfortunately, it is less profitable.) The fruit is a good source of fiber, potassium, and vitamin C.

Online References:

Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa on biodiversityexplorer.org

Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa on Wikipedia

Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa on floridata.com

Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa on UniProt

Fragaria ×ananassa

Fragaria ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier var. ×ananassa

Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill. var. ananassa Weston

Fragaria ×magna auct. non Thuill. p.p.

Fragaria ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier var. ananassa


Fragaria ×ananassa ssp. ananassa description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Sep 2020.

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Fragaria ×ananassa (strawberry)

6/14/2008 · Dad’s Garden, Falmouth, Maine
≈ 15 × 10" (36 × 24 cm) ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 5-9:

About this map...