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Fragaria ‘Red Ruby’

Ornamental strawberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassRosidaeRoses, legumes, proteas, dogwoods, hydrangeas, mistletoes, euphorbias, grapes, many more
OrderRosalesRose family and eight others
FamilyRosaceaeIncludes apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, almonds, roses, meadowsweets, photinias, firethorns, rowans, and hawthorns; many others
GenusFragariaFrom the Latin fraga, “strawberry,” which derives from fragum, “fragrant,” from the fragrance of the fruit
Cultivar‘Red Ruby’

About plant names...

Most strawberries are cultivated for their familiar fruits, but some, like this one, are cultivated as ornamental plants. These are not found in the wild.

Identification: Wild strawberry flowers are white, and those of several strawberry-like plants are yellow. Most cultivated strawberries also have white flowers, while a few are light pink. These strawberries are bred for their deep pink flowers. Plants are about 5″ (12 cm) high and 1-2′ (30-60 cm) around. Flowers are ¼-¾″ (8.3-19 mm) in diameter, with five petals.

Here are several varieties of strawberries:


Fragaria ‘Red (ornamental strawberry)

8/1/2009 · Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, Boothbay, Maine · ≈ 7 × 4½″ (17 × 11 cm)

Waldsteinia fragarioides

Duchesnea indica
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Fragaria ‘Red Ruby’
Common Name

barren strawberry

mock strawberry

ornamental strawberry
Plant 3-8″ (7.6-20 cm) high Plants are 2-5″ (5-12 cm) high. About 5″ (12 cm) high and 1-2′ (30-60 cm) around.
Flowers Yellow, on a leafless stalk, with five petals, ¼-¾″ (8.4-19 mm) around, blooms April-May. Flowers are yellow, with five petals, about ½-¾″ (1.3-1.9 cm) in diameter. They flower from April to August. Deep pink, about ¼-¾″ (8.3-19 mm) in diameter, with five petals.
Leaves Near the base of the plant, three-lobed, with rounded teeth and shallow lobes. Each leaflet is narrow at the base, widening to rounded ends. Leaves are in groups of three, dark green, heavily veined beneath, with rounded teeth. They are oval to elliptic, ¾-3″ (1.9-7.6 cm) × ¼-1½″ (8.5-38 mm), and hairy. Dark green, in groups of three, glossy.
Fruit Dry, inconspicuous seeds. Red berries are ¼-½″ (6.3-12 mm) in diameter, more spherical than strawberry-like in shape. The seedlike achenes on the berry are prominently raised, making the fruit resemble a tiny land mine. Occasionally produces fruit.
Range/ Zones

USDA Zones: 5-8
Habitats Pine forests, clearings   Sun to light shade; well-drained soil
Type Wild Wild Cultivar


Fragaria vesca

Fragaria virginiana
Common Name

alpine strawberry

common strawberry
Plant Plants are low-growing, typically 3-6″ (7.6-15 cm) tall. 2-4″ (5-10 cm) high.
Flowers Flowers are white, about ½″ (1.5 cm) across. White flowers with yellow centers, about ½″ (1.3 cm) around. Flowers remain at the level of the leaves.
Leaves Leaves occur in groups of three; each leaflet is ½-2½″ (1.5-6.3 cm) long. Leaf stalks up to 6″ (15 cm) long bear groups of three leaves. Each leaf is oval in shape, with a serrated edge, about ¾-1½″ (1.9-3.8 cm) long.
Fruit Up to ⅜″ (1 cm) across. Red or white in color. Berries are red, about ½″ (1.3 cm) in diameter. Seeds are embedded in the berry. Sepals point outward.
Range/ Zones

Habitats   Fields, prairies, woodland edges
Type Wild Wild


Online References:




Fragaria בRed Ruby’


Fragaria ‘Red Ruby’ description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Sep 2020.

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Range: Zones 5-8:

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