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Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’

Sweet pepperbush

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyClethraceaeClethra (white alder) family
GenusClethraFrom Greek word for alder, which has similar leaves
SpeciesalnifoliaWith leaves like genus Alnus

About plant names...

Sweet pepperbush is native to the temperate regions of eastern North America. This cultivated variety is smaller than the original, more regular in shape, and with more flowers. It has escaped cultivation is increasingly replacing the original variety. Pepperbush has no relation to peppercorns or peppers, but its seed capsules resemble peppercorns.

Identification: This deciduous woody shrub, 24-48" (60-121 cm) tall and 3-5' (91-152 cm) around, has multiple stems, is most often found near fresh water in areas that are at least seasonally wet. The shrubs form densely packed colonies. Leaves are dense, alternate, 1½-4" (3.8-10 cm) long and 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) wide. The leaves have a prominent vein structure and serrated edges, and are usually shaped like ovals with pointed ends. In the fall, they are yellow-green to yellow-brown. The pleasant-smelling flowers are white, in narrow cone-like clusters 4" (10 cm) × ¾" (1.9 cm). Individual flowers are ⅛-⅜" (5-10 mm) around. In the fall, the flowerheads are filled with small oval seed capsules that persist through the winter. Each capsule has three sections.

Online References:

Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ on plantdatabase.uconn.edu

Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ at the Ohio State University PLANTFacts database

Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ at the Missouri Botanical Garden


Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.

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Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)

1/24/2021 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, Mass­a­chu­setts

Range: Zones 3-9:

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