Home   About Us   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Plant Books
FloraFinder uses cookies only for correct operation. More info. Okay

Castilleja subinclusa Greene ssp. franciscana (Pennell) T.I. Chuang & Heckard

Longleaf Indian paintbrush

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyOrobanchaceaeBroomrape family of parasitic plants
GenusCastillejaNamed for Spanish botanist Domingo Castillejo

About plant names...

This variety of longleaf Indian paintbrush is native to the California coast, and named for San Francisco. If you're interested in Castillejas, don't miss Mark Egger's superb photographic compilation on Flickr. They appear from April to October. See also this Castilleja comparison table.

Identification: Plants are 12-47" (30-120 cm) tall, grayish-green, becoming purplish with age. Leaves are 1-3" (3-8 cm) long, more or less lanceolate (lance-shaped), unlobed or lobed. Flowerheads are 2-16" (6-40 cm) in size, bright red to orange-red or yellow, appearing from March to May. The colored portions are really modified leaves (bracts). The flowers are ¾-1¼" (2-3.2 cm) long, yellow-green, cigar-shaped, and often much more prominent than those on other Castillejas. Fruits are ⅜-½" (1-1.5 cm) in size, with ¹/₁₆" (2 mm) seeds. They are found at low elevations near the coast.

Online References:

Mark Egger’s Castilleja site on Flickr



The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

The Jepson Manual

Castilleja franciscana Pennell

Castilleja subinclusa Greene var. franciscana (Pennell) G.L. Nesom


Castilleja subinclusa ssp. franciscana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 29 Jul 2023.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


Castilleja subinclusa (longleaf Indian paintbrush)

Found near the Golden Gate bridge. · 6/12/2007 · Sausalito, Cali­fornia
≈ 11 × 7" (28 × 18 cm)

Castilleja subinclusa (longleaf Indian paintbrush)

Found near the Golden Gate bridge. · 6/12/2007 · Sausalito, Cali­fornia
≈ 8 × 5" (20 × 13 cm)


About this map...