Capsicum annuum ‘Chilly Chili’
Ornamental pepper f1
Cayenne peppers are natives of southern North America and northern South America. Most of the peppers we eat or grow as ornamentals are cultivated from this species, including anchos, banana peppers, cayennes, de árbols, guajillos, jalapeños, anaheims, Italian sweets, pasillas, peperoncinis, pimentos, poblanos, serranos, and tabascos. (A few, habaneros among them, have other origins.) The ‘Chilly Chili’ cultivar is an ornamental plant bred for its bright sprays of multicolored peppers.
If you are curious as to the origins of these popular peppers, consider Kraig Harris Kraft’s 2009 dissertation on the subject, The domestication of the chile pepper, Capsicum annuum: Genetic, ecological, and anthropogenic patterns of genetic diversity.
Identification: Plants are up to 24" (60 cm) high, densely branched. They are annuals in cooler climates and woody perennials in warmer ones. (Woody variants are sometimes referred to as Capsicum frutescens, but there is little evidence to support this separate classification.) Leaves are oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 1½-5" (4-13 cm) × ½-1½" (1.5-4 cm), on petioles 1½-2½" (4-7 cm) in length. Flowers are whitish or tinged with purple, about 1" (2.5 cm) in size, appearing from May to October. Fruits are shiny, carrot-shaped peppers. They may vary in color when ripe from green to yellow, orange, or red. As a rule, varieties with smaller fruits have more heat.
Capsicum annuum on CalPhotos
Capsicum annuum at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Capsicum annuum on Wikipedia
Capsicum annuum on eFloras
Capsicum annuum ‘Chilly Chili’ description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 25 May 2020.