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Echium candicans f.

Echium candicans L. f.

Echium fastuosum auct. non Aiton

Pride of Madeira

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderLamialesAromatic herbs and shrubs, including lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, ash, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, mint, basil, and rosemary
FamilyBoraginaceaeBorages or forget-me-nots
GenusEchiumFrom the Greek echis, “a viper,” the nutlets appearing to represent a viper’s head
SpeciescandicansWhite, shining white

About plant names...

Pride of Madeira—so called because this attractive species is native to the Portuguese-affiliated island of Maderia—manages to be both a prized and popular ornamental and an invasive species—both in California. It escapes gardens in New Zealand and is borderline invasive in Victoria, Australia.

Plants: Subshrubs are 5-8' (1.5-2.5 m) around.

Leaves: Alternate, oblong to lanceolate, tapering to a sharp tip. They are covered with soft hairs. (A related species, E. plantagineum, has stiff-haired leaves.)

Flowers: Large conical flowerhead spikes are covered with flowers that are light blue to blue purple, or sometimes white or pink. flowers with red stamens.

Fruits: Small wrinkled nutlets.

Edibility: Poisonous. Skull & Crossbones From the Queensland Australia Children’s Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, “Symptoms can be delayed days to weeks after ingestion and may include acute liver disease and gastroenteritis; enlarged liver and spleen, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Stiff hairs on the plant can cause skin irritation and dermatitis.”

Online References:

Echium candicans f. on sites.google.com

Echium candicans f. on Calflora

Echium candicans f. on www.childrens.health.qld.gov.au

Echium candicans f. on www.invasiveplantatlas.org

Echium candicans f. at the California Invasive Plant Council

Echium candicans f. on Wikispecies

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 6½ × 4' (2.0 × 1.3 m)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 30 × 20" (75 × 50 cm)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 4 × 2½' (1.3 × 0.9 m)

Echium candicans f. description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 30 Jun 2019.

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Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 2 × 1½" (5.7 × 4.3 cm)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 10 × 15" (26 × 39 cm)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA ID is uncertain

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 4½ × 6' (1.4 × 1.9 m)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA
≈ 29 × 38" (72 × 97 cm)

Range:

About this map...