FloraFinder.org
Home   About Us   Want to Help?   FAQ  
Searching   Image Use Biblio

Berberis koreana

Berberis koreana Palib.

 

Korean Barberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassMagnoliidaeIncludes magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, and many others
OrderRanunculalesBasal (evolved earlier) eudicots, also called “true dicots”
FamilyBerberidaceaeBarberry family
GenusBerberisThe Latinized form of the Arabic name for this fruit
SpecieskoreanaOf or from Korea

About plant names...

Korean barberry is native to Japan, Korea, northeastern China, and other parts of East Asia. It is popular as an orn­amental shrub in North America, South America, and Europe. It is reported naturalized, probably escaped from gardens, in a few locations in Vermont, and I have twice spotted it, apparently naturalized, in northern central Mass­achusetts. It is hardy to 5°F (–15°C), and grows in many soil types, and both well drained and moist soils. It needs partial or full sunlight.

Plants: Shrubs are 3-6' (91-182 cm) around, with multiple smooth-barked spiny branches.

Leaves: ⅞-2½" (2.5-7 cm) long, medium to dark green, alternate, edged with spiny teeth. In the fall, leaves are red-purple.

Flowers: This shrub doesn’t just flower, it lights up like a searchlight! Flowers are ⅛" (5 mm), bell-shaped, in dense bright yellow racemes on reddish branches. It flowers from May to June. (In the two specimens I have seen, the dur­ation of flowering was short, a few days.)

Fruits: Dense clusters of egg-shaped berries ripen to yellow and bright red. Berries are ⅛-¼" (5-7.6 mm) long.

Edibility: One source says the fruits are edible, either raw or cooked, and that young leaves may be cooked and eaten.

Medical: Barberry root bark contains vitamin C, and several isoquinoline alkaloids, predominantly berberine. These compounds have been found to have effects on animals, such as lowering blood pressure in cats, or reducing fever in rabbits. There is also evidence that some of these compounds are converted in the human body to MPTP (1[N]-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine), which contributes to the development of Parkinson’s disease. There are no substantiated safe uses for extracts from barberries.

Online References:

Berberis koreana on plants.ces.ncsu.edu

Berberis koreana on Wikipedia

Berberis koreana on gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org

Berberis koreana on Plants for a Future

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 6 × 4½" (15 × 12 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 7 × 5" (17 × 13 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Berberis koreana description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 11 Jul 2019.

© FloraFinder.org. All rights reserved.


 

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 4½ × 4" (11 × 10 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

No thorns. Most barberries have thorny stems. · 5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 7 × 4½" (18 × 12 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/30/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA
≈ 8 × 5" (20 × 13 cm)

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Berberis koreana (Korean Barberry)

5/28/2018 · Westford Rd., Ayer, MA

Range: Zones 4-8:

About this map...